Smoking During Pregnancy

Did you know?

 •Women are more likely to start and continue smoking than men for fear of weight gain

 •Women are targeted by big tobacco companies

 •Smoking is linked with complications during pregnancy and the health of a woman, her pregnancy and her baby.

How Smoking Affects Pregnancy

Smoking can cause problems for a woman trying to become pregnant or who is already pregnant, and for her baby before and after birth. During pregnancy, mother and baby are connected through the placenta.  Everything the pregnant woman eats, drinks and inhales is shared with her baby including chemicals from cigarette smoke.

Effects on Mothers

  • Difficulty getting pregnant
  • Placenta separates from the womb too early, causing bleeding
  • Placenta covers the cervix, causing complications
  • Water breaks too early
  • Increases chances of stillbirth

Effects on Babies

  • Lowers the amount of oxygen available to a pregnant woman and her growing baby
  • Increases chances of certain birth defects like a cleft lip or cleft palate
  • Baby born too small
  • Baby born too early
  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
  • Fetal death
  • Infant death


CDC. Risks from Smoking During Pregnancy. Available at:

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Smoking Affects Your Pregnancy and Your Children. Available at:

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Tobacco Use Before, During, and After Your Pregnancy . Available at:

PREGNETS. Smoking During Pregnancy. Available at: